Supreme Court sets alimony benchmark: 25% of ex-husband’s net salary

NEW DELHI: The Supreme Court has set a benchmark for maintenance to be paid by a husband to his estranged wife, stating that 25% of his net salary might constitute a “just and proper” amount as alimony.

A bench of Justices R Banumathi and M M Santanagoudar made the observation while directing a resident of West Bengal’s Hoogly, earning Rs 95,527 a month, to set aside Rs 20,000 as maintenance for his former wife and their son, turning down the man’s plea that the amount was excessive. The court said the amount of maintenance or permanent alimony must be sufficient to ensure that a woman lived with dignity after separating from her husband.

Its order came on the man’s plea challenging a Calcutta high court order directing him to pay her Rs 23,000 per month. Though the apex court said there was nothing amiss in the high court order, it reduced the amount by Rs 3,000 on the ground that the man had remarried and hence needed to provide for his new family.

Twenty-five per cent of the husband’s net salary would be just and proper to be awarded as maintenance to the (former) wife. The amount of permanent alimony awarded to her must be befitting the status of the parties and the capacity of the spouse to pay maintenance, which is always dependant on the factual situation of the case… and the court would be justified in moulding the claim for maintenance passed on various factors,” the bench said.

While stating that the high court was justified in enhancing the maintenance on the basis of the husband’s salary, the SC bench noted : “However, since the appellant has also got married a second time and has a child from the second marriage, we think it proper to reduce the amount of maintenance of Rs 23,000 to Rs 20,000 per month as maintenance to his (former) wife and son,” the court said.

The couple has been fighting a legal battle over maintenance since 2003 when the district judge fixed the amount at Rs 4,500. The high court, however, awarded Rs 16,000 per month in 2015 and increased it to Rs 23,000 in 2016 as the husband’s salary went up from Rs 63,842 to Rs 95,527.
The apex court’s ruling follows its inclination to protect claims of women in matrimonial disputes affecting their financial status. “A Hindu woman’s right to maintenance is a personal obligation so far as the husband is concerned, and it is his duty to maintain her even if he has no property… . It is well settled that under the Hindu Law, the husband has got a personal obligation to maintain his wife and if he is possessed of properties then his wife is entitled to a right to be maintained out of such properties,” the apex court had said in a judgment it had delivered in 2016.

Anti-tobacco efforts cost NGO FCRA nod – Or is it Dr. Manmohan Singh, Ex – PM

The government has revoked the registration of Public Health Foundation of India (PHFI), an NGO funded by the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation, under the Foreign Contribution (Regulation) Act over the alleged misuse of foreign funds for anti-tobacco lobbying, in violation of norms the law lays down. The home ministry’s revocation of the renewal of PHFI’s FCRA licence has rendered the NGO ineligible to receive any funding from abroad.

A source said the main charge against the NGO, which has also worked in partnership with the Union ministry of health and family welfare, is that it used foreign funds totalling Rs 43 crore to lobby with parliamentarians, the media and the government on tobacco-control issues, which is not among the five activities permitted under FCRA. The five activities for which NGOs can receive foreign contributions under the law include those of a social, cultural, religious, educational and economic nature.PHFI was registered under the FCRA under the head “social and educational“.

According to a home ministry official, PHFI received around Rs 43 crore for anti-tobacco lobbying, which it misrepresented as `research grants’ in its FCRA returns.The officer added that an NGO was not permitted to lobby for tobacco-control, which could only be done by an entity as a public relations company that must pay due taxes.

“Anti-tobacco lobbying is a valid and perfectly legal activity but not through zerotax NGOs,“ the officer told TOI. According to a source, PHFI received foreign contributions amounting to nearly Rs 150 crore in 2014-15 and Rs 200 crore in 2013-14. The Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation accounted for nearly onethird of its foreign funding, USAID for around 10%, while the remaining donors included some leading western pharmaceutical companies such as GlaxoSmithKline.

PHFI, in a release issued on Wednesday , said it had received a notification from the home ministry regarding the renewal of its FCRA registration. “Certain observations have been made by the ministry on utilisation of funds related to PHFI’s projects on tobacco, HIVAIDS and its financial reports. PHFI has submitted the requisite information and documents to the MHA on the observations raised in the notification and provided the needed clarifications.

“PHFI is seeking an early resolution of the issue and continuation of the FCRA registration, based on the clarifications provided,“ it stated.

According to the PHFI website, the NGO was launched by former Prime Minister Manmohan Singh in 2006.The NGO provides technical assistance to central and state governments in several areas of engagement including HIV prevention, access to drugs, tobacco-control and immunisation, etc. Many of these activities have been in partnership with the ministry of health and family welfare.

NGO opposes ‘derogatory’ ad on buses

NGO Bailancho Ekvott on Friday has demanded the immediate removal of the ‘derogatory’ image of ‘glamorous’ women advertising the ‘Manforce’ brand of contraceptives on the government-run Kadamba busesthat transport school students.

The Margao-based NGO, that fights for women’s rights, is opposing the fact that women have been “objectified” in the advertisement, which could be ‘misleading” to children. “I fail to see the need to advertise the photo of a ‘glamorous’ woman, along with a condom to be used by men and call it ‘Manforce’. This kind of advertising is derogatory to women,” Bailancho Ekvott convener Auda Viegas said

Recruitment: Allahabad University: Applications are invited for the 303 posts of Assistant Professor

Page 1

Advt No: UoA/Asst Prof/01/2017

Date: 11/04/2017

Applications are invited for the 303 posts of Assistant Professor
(PB-III: Rs. 15600-39100 with

AGP of Rs. 6000) in various University Departments/Centres. The
University reserves the right

to change the number of vacancy(ies) of any category and also to
withdraw partial or full

advertisement without assigning any reason. The qualification shall be
as per UGC Regulations

2010 and UGC (4

th

Amendment) Regulations 2016. The reservation under the SC, ST, OBC

and PwD categories shall be as per the UGC guidelines and GoI rules.
The candidates who had

applied earlier for the post of Assistant Professor against the Advt.
No. 01/2016 dated

02/02/2016 and Advt. No. AUTBL/01/2016 dated 06/06/2016 have to
reapply by paying the

balance fee and giving the proof of earlier application.

Recruitment of Assistant Professors

Details of fee payment: The requisite fee of Rs. 1000/- for UR & OBC
candidates and Rs.

400/- for SC & ST candidates has to be remitted through RTGS/NEFT to
State Bank of India,

Allahabad University Branch, Allahabad, India on Account No. 36588295362 & IFSC:

SBIN0001621.

The duly filled application form complete in all respect alongwith
relevant documents and proof

of fee submission must reach to “The Registrar, Senate House Campus,
University of

Allahabad, Allahabad, UP 211002, INDIA” preferably through speed
post/registered post

on/before 12/05/2017.

It is mandatory to also submit the soft copy (in word and excel
format) of the completed

application form to the email address: online.uoa-up@gov.in. The enclosures are

not required to be sent through email.

The ‘Name of the Post Applying For:’ must be clearly mentioned on the envelope

containing the application and in the ‘Subject’ of the email.

The transaction ID of fee deposition should be clearly mentioned in
the soft copy as well as

hard copy of the application.

The candidates are requested to carefully read the General
Instructions and Steps Involved in

the Application Process before filling up the application form.
Candidates are also advised to

visit the website (www.allduniv.ac.in) periodically for further
information related to the

recruitment process.

Page 2

Vacancy of Assistant Professor in the University of Allahabad

ADVERTISEMENT FOR THE POSTS OF ASSISTANT PROFESSOR

S.

No

DEPARTMENT/DISCIPLINE

NUMBER OF POSTS UNDER EACH

CATEGORY

NUMBER OF

POSTS

RESERVED

FOR PwD

OUT OF

COLOUMN

(3)

(1)

(2)

(3)

UR OBC

SC

ST

Total

PWD

1

Ancient History, Culture and

Archeology

3

4

3

1

11

1-VH

2 Anthropology

1a

1

3 Arabic & Persian

1

1

1

1

4

4 Behavioral and Cognitive Sciences

1 BL

1 BL

2

5 Bio-Informatics

1

1 BL

1 BL

3

6 Bio-technology

2

2

7 Botany

3

2+1 BL

1 BL

1

8

8 Chemistry

13+1d

7

4

1

26

1-OH

9

Commerce & Business

Administration

2+3 BL

2+1 BL

8

1-OH

10 Defence and Strategic Studies

1 BL

1

11 Economics

3

1+2 BL

1+1 BL

1

9

1-VH

12 Education

4

2 BL

1+1 BL

1

9

1-VH, 1-OH

13

Electronics and Communication /

Computer Science

5+5

3+2

1+2

1

19

1-OH

14

English and Modern European

Languages

3+1b

6

3

1

14

2-VH

15 Environmental Studies

1

1

16

Experimental Mineralogy and

Petrology

1

1

1

3

17 Film and Theatre

2

1

3

1-OH

18 Food Technology

1

1

19 Gandhian Studies

2

1

3

20 Geography

3

3

1

1

8

1-VH

Page 3

21 Globalization Studies

1

1

22

Hindi and Modern Indian

Languages

13

4

3

1

21

1-VH

23 Home Science

2

2

1

1

6

24

Journalism and Mass

Communication

2

2

1

5

25 Languages

1f

1g

1h

1f

4

26 Law

5

1+2 BL

1+1 BL

1 BL

11

1-VH, 1-OH

27 Mathematics

6

1 BL

1+2 BL

1 BL

11

1-OH

28 Medieval and Modern History

3

3+2 BL

1

9

1-VH

29 Music and Performing Arts

1+1 BL

2

30 Philosophy

6

3

2

1

12

31 Physical Education

2

2

1

5

32 Physics

10+1e

5

2

1

19

1-OH

33 Political Science

3

4

3

1

11

1-OH

34 Psychology

1 BL

1 BL

1

3

1-OH

35

Sanskrit, Pali, Prakrit and Oriental

Languages

6+2c

4

3

1

16

1-VH

36 Sociology

3

3

37

South Asia and International

Studies

2

1

3

38 Statistics

1 BL

1

39 Urdu

1

1

2

40 Visual Arts

3

2

5

41 Zoology

9+1i

4

2

1

17

• Superscripts for specialized posts – (a) Social Anthropology; (b)
French; (c) One for

Tibetan Studies and One for Vedic Studies; (d) Analytical Chemistry;
(e) Photography; (f)

French; (g) Japanese; (h) Chinese; (i) Agriculture Zoology.

BL=Back log, VH=Visually Handicapped, OH=Orthopaedically Handicapped.
Registrar

 

Google is accused of underpaying women

GOOGLE has made a fortune by helping people dig up whatever
information they seek. But in a court hearing on April 7th, America’s
Department of Labour (DoL) accused the company behind the profitable
search engine of burying the fact that it pays its female employees
less than their male counterparts. The accusation of lower
compensation for women forms part of a lawsuit by the DoL, which has
asked Google to turn over detailed information on pay. The department
has not released data to back its assertion, and Google denies the
allegation.

Whatever the outcome in court, the government’s recriminations risk
marring Google’s image. Just three days earlier it had taken to
Twitter to boast that it had “closed the gender pay gap globally”.
That claim is now under suspicion. It is true that at Google’s parent
company, Alphabet, several women hold high positions, including Ruth
Porat, the chief financial officer, and Susan Wojcicki, who runs
YouTube, an online-video business. But the important question is not
only whether a few women get promoted but also how those in the middle
and lower ranks fare

What figures there are paint a depressing picture about the status of
women in technology. According to a one-off survey in 2015 called
“Elephant in the Valley”, two-thirds of women in Silicon Valley feel
excluded from key networking events, and three-fifths have experienced
unwanted sexual advances. More than a quarter of American women in
engineering, technology and science feel “stalled” in their careers,
and a third say they are likely to quit their jobs within a year,
according to the Centre for Talent Innovation, a think-tank.

The marginalisation of women in tech became a prominent subject in
2015 during a sex-discrimination lawsuit brought by Ellen Pao, who had
worked at a venture-capital firm, Kleiner Perkins (she lost the case).
It has been back in the headlines since Susan Fowler, a former
engineer at Uber, a ride-hailing firm, wrote a blog post in February
saying that male supervisors had failed to promote women and that
human resources had not taken complaints of sexism and harassment
seriously. Uber has hired Eric Holder, America’s former
attorney-general, to lead an investigation into the company’s handling
of sexual harassment and workplace culture. The results are expected
in the coming weeks.

Some firms, including Uber, are now publishing annual reports
describing the composition of their workforce, after they were
criticised for not hiring more women and ethnic minorities. Well under
half of tech companies’ employees are female (see chart). Despite
attempts to hire more women, they have not shifted their female-staff
shares by more than a few percentage points.

Educational choices are part of the problem. In 2013, the most recent
year for which data are available, only around 18% of computer-science
graduates were women, half the proportion in 1985. Some suspect there
is a “negative” network effect, and that the small share of women in
the field discourages others from choosing it as a course of study.

Retention is also difficult. A study in 2014 that tracked women in
jobs related to science, technology, engineering and mathematics
(STEM) found that half of women had left their professions after 12
years. By comparison, only a fifth of women who work in non-STEM
fields leave within 30 years. Female entrepreneurs find it more
difficult to secure funding from venture capitalists than their male
counterparts do. Elizabeth Holmes, the founder of Theranos, a
blood-testing firm which has run into trouble, attracted a lot of hype
largely because she was so unusual. And female venture capitalists,
who are more likely to fund startups run by women, are the rarest
unicorns of all in Silicon Valley.

Transparency about the composition of firms’ staff may help with
hiring more women. But another place where transparency can make a big
difference is pay. The secretive nature of compensation at tech firms,
with employees being discouraged from telling their peers anything
about their equity grants or cash bonuses, means that women do not
know when they are being underpaid, says Pamela Sayad, a San
Francisco-based lawyer who specialises in workplace discrimination.

Some companies that have unearthed disparities, including Salesforce,
a software firm, and Cisco, a networking company, have pledged
millions of dollars to fill wage gaps. But absent disclosure, it can
still be hard to see the pay differences in the first place. For years
tech executives have talked up the importance of transparency and the
power of data for decision-making. They should do a better job of
practising what they preach.

This article appeared in the Business section of the print edition
under the headline “Bits and bias”