PAN may soon become Aadhaar of your NGO, Non Profits and Trust.

pan-card-bccl

The government has been in discussions to turn the Permanent Account Number (PAN) into the enterprise unique ID, a feature which was announced by finance minister Arun Jaitley while presenting the Union Budget.

https://economictimes.indiatimes.com/news/economy/policy/pan-may-soon-become-aadhaar-of-your-business/articleshow/62841804.cms

Among the plethora of IDs which are held by enterprises, making PAN the unique ID will be the most conducive option. This will mean that even the non-tax paying entities such as not-for profits, trusts or societies will have to now apply for a PAN number. It has also been suggested that this PAN number or the unique identity can be linked with the Aadhaar number at the backend.

Read more:  http://ourcivilsociety.com/civil-society-news-pan-may-soon-become-aadhaar-of-your-ngo-non-profits-and-trust/

 

The government has been in discussions to turn the Permanent Account Number (PAN) into the enterprise unique ID, a feature which was announced by finance minister Arun Jaitley while presenting the Union Budget.

Though the idea was first mooted a couple of years ago, the recent discussions suggest that among the plethora of IDs which are held by enterprises, making PAN the unique ID will be the most conducive option. This will mean that even the non-tax paying entities such as not-for profits, trusts or societies will have to now apply for a PAN number. It has also been suggested that this PAN number or the unique identity can be linked with the Aadhaar number at the backend.

A government official said that the Centre has been mulling this move for around two years now. “The whole idea is if all are asked to furnish a PAN number regardless of whether they are income tax payees or not, and the Aadhaar number is being asked for people who are behind that entity, then this PAN number can be the unifying factor.”

The official added that this will curb the proliferation of fake entities, NGOs and shell companies since the government will be able to track fraudulent activity much more easily.

Another government official added that directors, promoters and trustees of all the companies will be asked to furnish their individual PAN number as well.

 

There are over 30 crore PAN numbers in the country and around 15 crore have already been linked to Aadhaar as per government estimates. Sachin Seth, Partner-Advisory Services, EY India told ET that most of the corporates today don’t have a single identity and there is a multiple ID system because the corporate landscape has evolved in the country over many years.

“As the government is looking at the bigger ecosystem , it is trying to have a single identity for corporate like we have for an individual in Aadhaar, so that it’s easy to pull out linkages and data.” Another government official said that it is “open” to PAN being the unique identity for the companies.

“If Aadhaar can really get stabilised as national identity like in US, then it can knock off DIN (Director Identification Number),” the official said, adding that the option of PAN replacing the Company Identification Number (CIN) has to be seen.
According to experts, apart from the entities that already have PAN, another 20-22 crore entities will now have to get a PAN registered. They say that the task of allotting new PANs or their linkage with Aadhaar will not be very challenging.
Instead, the insights that analytics of the new data may provide may be very useful for the country’s tax system. “It will clean up the financial markets and the avenues will be much reduced for untraceable, unaccountable transactions,” said Sivarama Krishnan, executive director of PwC.

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Akkineni Foundation, 189 state NGOs lose FCRA registration

 

HYDERABAD : The Union ministry of home affairs has cancelled the Foreign Contribution (Regulation) Act registration of 190 NGOs, including actor-producer Akkineni Nagarjuna’s Akkineni International Foundation, in Telangana in 2017.

MHA has cancelled FCRA registration of Birla Archaeological Cultural Research Institute, Hyderabad Management Association and several educational societies, Christian and Muslim religious organisations too.

Minister of state for home affairs Kiren Rijiju on Wednesday informed the Rajya Sabha that as per available records over 10,000 NGOs had not filed their annual returns for six financial years (2010-11 to 2015-16) in the country. Stating that there were no penal provisions under the FCRA, 2010, to deal with failure in filing returns, he said action was initiated against the NGOs violating norms. At least, 5,922 NGOs were served notices for failing to file annual returns, and the registration of 4,867 NGOs was cancelled across the country.

The Akkineni International Foundation, established in 2004, gives Akkineni Nageswara Rao National Award for film personalities. Akkineni International Foundation also conducts health camps, including in Gudivada, the hometown of the Akkineni family. The Birla Archaeological and Cultural Research Institute was established in 1969 and houses a planetarium, a science museum and an archaeological museum.

 

Anantapur Medical College Trust, St Ann’s Convent, Nirmala Convent were stripped of their FCRA registration by the MHA.

 

In Telangana, FCRA registration of 190 NGOs was cancelled, while 454 NGOs of Andhra Pradesh, highest in the country, lost their FCRA registration.

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Newly covered Disabilities Guidelines still awaited even after one year of RPD Act

The Rights of Persons with Disabilities Act, 2016 added 14 new categories of disabilities.

 

Patients suffering from thalassemia, hemophilia, sickle cell disease etc will soon start getting disability certificate from designated government hospitals which were earlier denied to them for lack of guidelines.

The Union ministry of social justice and empowerment has framed guidelines for the assessment of those disabilities which were added for the first time in the Rights of Persons with Disabilities Act, 2016.

Fourteen new categories of disabilities were included in April 2017 in the new Act replacing the previous law, Persons with Disabilities Act 1995. Rules to implement the new law were framed in June 2017. However, the guidelines for assessment and certification of disabilities were not immediately framed. That loophole has now been plugged.

“We have already framed the guidelines and in a couple of days all the hospitals will be intimated to issue certificates to new category of disability,” a social justice and empowerment ministry official told HT on Tuesday.

Hospitals, designated to issue certificates, say that every day they receive one or two patients who suffer from new disabilities.

“They want to apply for certificates but we have to refuse them because there is no guideline from the ministry,” says Dr Poonam Kapur, additional medical superintendent, Ram Manohar Lohia hospital in Delhi.

“For instance, until we have a guideline that tells us the extent of blood disorder in a person to bring him under the definition of the disabled, we can’t issue any certificate,” she adds.

Disabled candidates complain that they are unable to get the benefits of reservations in admission, jobs and various government schemes for the lack of disability certificates.

“I am a thalassemia patient and I want to apply for the National Eligibility-cum-Entrance Test (NEET) for admission in MBBS. I don’t know if I should select the disability option while filing the form. In case I don’t come under the definition of disabled, I don’t know the fate of my application,” says a student.

TD Dhariyal, Commissioner for Persons with Disabilities, Delhi says the two important issues for the government to deal with were, one, whether a particular disease falls under the category of disability and if yes then what’s the percentage of the disability that can be given benefits under the law.

“The government has dealt with the first part and identified 21 disabilities, out of which, 14 are new ones. Some of the new disabilities like muscular dystrophy, a disease of increasing weakening and breakdown of skeletal muscles, get covered in the previous guidelines. But disabilities based on blood disorder among others needs guideline for assessment,” says Dhariyal .

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NARI portal launched for Women Schemes

Minister of women and child development Maneka Gandhi also unveiled a website for NGOs called e-SAMVAD, an interactive portal allowing NGOs to contact the ministry and share their feedback, suggestions, grievances and their best practices.

Union Minister for women and child development Maneka Gandhi launched Tuesday a web portal, NARI, which will provide information on all government schemes for women.

Users can log on to www.nari.nic.in to access information on different programmes offered by various state governments as well as the Centre, the minister said.

The NARI portal carries details on 350 different schemes for women and will be updated from time to time.

The schemes are divided into seven different categories — education, health, employment, housing and shelter, addressing violence, decision making and social support.

Gandhi also unveiled a website for NGOs called e-SAMVAD, an interactive portal allowing NGOs to contact the ministry and share their feedback, suggestions, grievances and their best practices.

Interacting with the press, the minister said the government will initiate a trial run of mobile phones with a panic button from January 26 in Uttar Pradesh.

Although the government in an order in April 2016 made it mandatory for all mobile phone manufactures to provide a panic button feature in cellphones from January 2017, its implementation has been delayed.

The move aims at improving security for women by providing them a tool to alert the local police.

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New anti-trafficking law soon covering Blackmail, Pornography, Prostitution, Forced labour & Servitude etc.

Representative photograph

 

NEW DELHI: The government is set to introduce a law to guard against human trafficking, proposing a 10-year punishment for those engaging in “aggravated forms of trafficking” while seeking life imprisonment for repeat offenders.
A bill to identify various forms of trafficking, including for the purposes of bonded labour, sexual exploitation, pornography, removal of organs and begging, has proposed severe punishment for those engaging in the heinous crime.

The Trafficking of Persons (Prevention, Protection and Rehabilitation) Bill 2017, initiated by the Women & Child Development Ministry, is currently with a Group of Ministers (GoM) that will take a final view on the matter, official sources told TOI.

The bill proposes the establishment of a national anti-trafficking bureau, which shall be entrusted with the gamut of issues aimed at controlling and tackling the menace under various forms. These include coordination, monitoring and surveillance of illegal movement of persons and their prevention. The bureau will also be entrusted with increasing cooperation and coordination with authorities concerned and organisations in foreign countries for strengthening operational and long-term intelligence for investigation of trafficking cases, and driving in mutual legal assistance.

jail

Listing out the ‘aggravated forms of trafficking’, the bill speaks about offences such as forced labour, or bonded labour, by using violence, intimidation, inducement, promise of payment of money, deception or coercion. Also, it mentions trafficking after administering any narcotic drug or psychotropic substance or alcohol, or for the purpose of marriage or under the pretext of marriage.

The aggravated form also includes trafficking for the purpose of begging or forcing those who are mentally ill or are pregnant. “Whoever commits the offence of aggravated form of trafficking of a person shall be punished with rigorous imprisonment for a term which shall not be less than 10 years, but which may extend to life imprisonment and shall be liable to fine that shall not be less than Rs 1 lakh,” the bill proposes.

For repeat offenders, it suggests imprisonment for life “which shall mean imprisonment for the remainder of that person’s natural life”, apart from a fine that will not be less than Rs 2 lakh.

As per data released by the National Crime Records Bureau (NCRB), human trafficking numbers rose by almost 20% in 2016 against the previous year. NCRB said there were 8,132 human trafficking cases last year against 6,877 in 2015, with the highest number of cases reported in West Bengal (44% of cases), followed by Rajasthan (17%).

Of the 15,379 victims who were caught in trafficking, 10,150 were female and 5,229 males. NCRB said the purpose of trafficking included forced labour; sexual exploitation for prostitution; other forms of sexual exploitation; domestic servitude; forced marriage; child pornography; begging; drug peddling; and removal of organs. It is believed that the numbers recorded by NCRB are a far cry to actual incidences of trafficking as many cases went unreported with many people still unaware of the crime or lacking confidence to seek police help.

For those engaging in ‘buying or selling’ a person, the bill proposes rigorous imprisonment for a term not less than seven years which can be extended to 10 years with a fine upwards of Rs 1 lakh. The bill also seeks punishment for those engaging in trafficking with the help of media, including print, internet, digital or electronic. It stipulates a punishment of not less than seven years which can go up to 10 years and a fine not less than Rs 1 lakh.
“Whoever distributes or sells or stores, in any form in any electronic or printed form showing incidence of sexual exploitation, sexual assault or rape for the purpose of extortion or for coercion of the victim or his/her family members, or for unlawful gain, shall be punished with rigorous imprisonment for a term which shall not be less than three years but may extend to seven years.”
 Apart from the national bureau, the bill also aims at having state-level anti-trafficking officers who shall also provide relief and rehabilitation services through district units and other civil-society organisations.

The bill also spells out measures towards relief and rehabilitation for the victims of trafficking, and seeks the formation of a committee for this purpose. The committee is proposed to be headed by the women & child development secretary and would have members from the ministries of home; external affairs; labour and employment; social justice and empowerment; panchayati raj; and heath and family welfare.

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NGOs Directed to Open FCRA Account with 32 Banks only

Home Ministry directs NGOs to open account in any designated bank in a month for transparency

The Home Ministry has directed all NGOs, business entities and individuals who receive funds from abroad to open accounts in any of the 32 designated banks, including one foreign, within a month for higher level of transparency. It also asked them to ensure that such funds are not utilised for activities detrimental to the national interest.
The directive to the NGOs, companies and individuals to open foreign contribution accounts in banks, which are integrated with the central government’s Public Financial Management System (PFMS), came for providing a higher level of transparency and hassle-free reporting compliance, according to the ministry order, accessed by the PTI.

The Foreign Contribution (Regulation) Act 2010 provides for the regulation of acceptance of the foreign funds or foreign hospitality by certain individuals, associations, organisations and companies “to ensure that such contributions or hospitality is not being utilised for the activities detrimental to the national interest”, it said.

Therefore, in exercise of the powers conferred under the FCRA, 2010, the central government hereby directs all persons who are either registered or who have sought prior permission under the FCRA 2010 to open their bank accounts as mandated in one or more banks in the list of the 32 banks, the order said.

This exercise shall be completed expeditiously within one month (by 21-01-2018) with intimation of the details of the bank accounts to the ministry under a prescribed form, it said.

The central government has already decided that all banks where the FCRA registered persons and organisations have opened their foreign contribution accounts would be integrated with the PFMS for providing a higher level of “transparency and hassle-free” reporting compliance.

While some banks have already integrated their systems with the PFMS for compliance of the central government’s order, many banks have still not completed the integration of their systems with the PFMS despite repeated letters, directions and meetings, the home ministry said.

The 32 designated banks where individuals, NGOs and other entities can open their accounts are: Abu Dhabi Commercial Bank, ICICI Bank, The Cosmos Co-Operative Bank, Bank of Baroda, State Bank of India, South Indian Bank, IDBI Bank, Central Bank of India, Corporation Bank, Karur Vysya Bank, Tamilnad Mercantile Bank Ltd, The Catholic Syrian Bank Ltd, HDFC Bank, UCO Bank, IndusInd Bank Limited, City Union Bank and Syndicate Bank.

Allahabad Bank, The Jammu and Kashmir Bank Ltd, Punjab National Bank, Allahabad UP Gramin Bank, DCB Bank Ltd, Manipur State Co-op Bank, Vijaya Bank, Bombay Mercantile Co-operative Bank Ltd, Yes Bank, Oriental Bank Of commerce, Dena Bank, Bank of Maharashtra, Canara Bank, Andhra Bank and Axis Bank are the others.

The PFMS, which functions under the Controller General of Accounts in the Ministry of Finance, provides a financial management platform for all plan schemes, a database of all recipient agencies, integration with core banking solution of banks handling plan funds, integration with state treasuries and efficient and effective tracking of fund flow to the lowest level of implementation for plan scheme of the government.

It also provides information across all plan schemes/ implementation agencies in the country on fund utilisation leading to better monitoring, review and decision support system to enhance public accountability in the implementation of plan schemes.

Introduction of the PFMS resulted in effectiveness and economy in public finance management through better cash management for government transparency in public expenditure and real-time information on resource availability and utilisation across schemes.

It also resulted in improved programme administration and management, reduction of float in the system, direct payment to beneficiaries and greater transparency and accountability in the use of public funds.

Early this year, the home ministry had asked around 9,000 NGOs and other entities to open their accounts in banks having core banking facilities and furnish details for real-time access to security agencies in case of any discrepancy.

The Narendra Modi-led government tightened the rules for NGOs and took action against all such entities for violation of various provisions of the FCRA 2010 which include non- filing of annual returns as mandated in the law.

Last week, Union Minister of State for Home Kiren Rijiju told Parliament that the registrations of 18,868 NGOs were cancelled between 2011 and 2017 for violating laws. Following the action, foreign funding to Indian NGOs has also come down drastically–from Rs 17,773 crore in 2015-16 to Rs 6,499 crore in 2016-17.

Rijiju had said the quantum of foreign funding received by NGOs in India in the last three years were: Rs 15,299 crore in 2014-15, Rs 17,773 crore in 2015-16 and Rs 6,499 crore in 2016-17.

Currently, around 10,000 FCRA-registered NGOs are operating in the country.

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Law on adultery punishing only men – Under SC Scanner

 

The Supreme Court on Friday agreed to examine the constitutional validity of a colonial-era law on adultery which punishes only the man even though the woman, with whom he has had consensual sex, may be an equal partner.

The top court also said if the husband gives consent for sexual intercourse between his wife and another man, then it nullifies the offence of adultery and turns the woman into a commodity, which goes against the principle of gender justice and the constitutional mandate of right to equality.

Section 497 of the Indian Penal Code states that “whoever has sexual intercourse with a person who is and whom he knows or has reason to believe to be the wife of another man, without the consent or connivance of that man, such sexual intercourse not amounting to the offence of rape, is guilty of the offence of adultery”.

The offence of adultery entails punishment of up to five years in jain or fine or with both. However, in such cases, the wife shall not be punishable as an abettor.

A bench of Chief Justice Dipak Misra and Justices A M Khanwilkar and D Y Chandrachud termed the provision a “prima facie archaic” and said this “tantamounts to subordination of a woman where the Constitution confers equal status”.

“A time has come when the society must realise that a woman is equal to a man in every field. This provision, prima facie, appears to be quite archaic. When the society progresses and the rights are conferred, the new generation of thoughts spring, and that is why, we are inclined to issue notice,” the bench said.

It said it would examine the constitutional validity of the 157-year-old provision and issued notice to the Centre, seeking its response in four weeks.

The court said it needs to examine why a married woman, who may have been an equal partner to the offence of adultery with a married man who is not her husband, should not be punished along with the man.

Secondly, the bench said it will examine if the husband of a woman gives his consent or connives for sexual intercourse with another married man, then does it not turn her into a commodity.

“Prima facie, on a perusal of Section 497 of the Indian Penal Code, we find that it grants relief to the wife by treating her as a victim. It is also worthy to note that when an offence is committed by both of them, one is liable for criminal offence but the other is absolved,” it said.

The top court said the provision seems to be based on a “societal presumption” and ordinarily, the criminal law proceeds on gender neutrality but in this case, “as we perceive, the said concept is absent”.

“That apart, it is to be seen when there is conferment of any affirmative right on women, can it go to the extent of treating them as the victim, in all circumstances, to the peril of the husband,” the bench said.

It said when the provision is perceived from the language employed in the section, then the “fulcrum of the offence is destroyed once the consent or the connivance of the husband is established”.

“Viewed from the said scenario, the provision really creates a dent on the individual, independent identity of a woman when the emphasis is laid on the connivance or the consent of the husband”, it said.

During the hearing, Justice Chandrachud observed that at present, the law assumes a “patronising attitude” towards the woman and treats her as a victim which amounts to violation of a fundamental right and gender discrimination.

Advocates Kaleeswaram Raj and Suvidutt M S, appearing for petitioner Joseph Shine, an Indian citizen but residing in Italy, said section 497 was “prima facie unconstitutional on the ground that it discriminates against men and violates Article 14, 15 and 21 of the Constitution of”.

He said “when the sexual intercourse takes place with the consent of both the parties, there is no good reason for excluding one party from the liability”.

 

The lawyer said the provision also indirectly discriminates against women by holding an erroneous presumption that they are the property of men.

“This is further evidenced by the fact that if adultery is engaged with the consent of the husband of the woman, then such act seizes to be an offence punishable under the code,” he told the bench.

He said the said provisions have been treated to be constitutionally valid in three verdicts of the apex court in 1954, 1985 and in 1988.

Raj said that petitioner has also challenged the Section 198(2) of CrPC, which deals with prosecution for offences against marriages.

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School asks parents to pick and drop girls! Psychologists must come forward to curb this sexual perversion in the society!!

Representational image

 

 

The La Martiniere For Girls school in Kolkata has banned pool cars for the students and has asked the parents to pick and drop their kids from next month. The development came a few days after a kindergarten student at a top school in Ranikuthi in Kolkata was sexually assaulted by a teacher inside a toilet. The teacher allegedly lured the 4-year-old and took her to the toilet where he reportedly physically abused her.

Even as the CISCE board asked all the schools to install CCTV cameras within two weeks, some of the schools have installed their own safety measures. La Martiniere For Girls is one of them.

The school has issued a notice to all the parents urging them to personally pick and drop their children. Although the school has banned pool cars, it said that even if the parents arrange pool cars for their children, they have to make sure that each child is accompanied by a family member.

“Either the mother or father of the child will drop her and pick her up from January 16, next year,” Rupkatha Sarkar, Principal, La Martiniere for Girls, was quoted as saying by PTI.

Not just pool cars, the escort must also carry an authorization letter with a picture and signature as identity proof.

A 4-year-old student was sexually and physically abused on December 1 by a male teacher in a top Kolkata school’s toilet. When the child returned home, her mother noticed blood stains all over her school uniform. Th kid was also found bleeding from her private parts.

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Crowd funding for Acid Victims by NGOs

 

Having completed treatment, Lalita is now happily married

 

mid-day exclusive Zakira Shaikh is not the only acid attack victim who feels exploited by the NGO Make Love Not Scars. After mid-day’s report on the matter, yet another victim has come forward with allegations that the NGO used his patient’s picture and story to raise funds without consent. What’s more, neither the patient nor the hospital got a single penny from the money raised by the NGO.

Five years ago, Lalita Benbansi, 25, suffered nearly 80 per cent burns after her 15-year-old cousin threw acid on her after a petty argument. The Asangaon resident’s father supported the entire family on a salary of Rs 3,000, and the family could not afford to pay for treatment. At the time, Dr Ashok Gupta had provided full treatment to her free of charge at Bombay Hospital. This included 65 reconstructive surgeries.

 

However, Dr Gupta says he was surprised when he came across a crowdfunding campaign by Make Love Not Scars, claiming to raise funds for Lalita’s treatment. Neither he nor Lalita had been informed about this, nor had they received the $1,718 (approximately Rs 1.1 lakh) collected by the NGO.

‘Didn’t get any money’
“Ria Sharma’s NGO, Make Love Not Scars, did not give a single rupee to the hospital that provided quality treatment to the victim free of cost. It is their regular practice to collect money in the name of acid attack victims and not to transfer the full amount to the hospital carrying out the treatment,” said Dr Gupta.

After multiple surgeries, Lalita’s face was reconstructed and she got back on her feet. She is now happily married. She told mid-day, “I was not aware that money was raised in my name. I did not get any money. People should not play with the emotions of victims.”

Investigate the NGO
The matter is currently being investigated by the Byculla police, after Zakira’s family submitted a written complaint to them. Dr Gupta, who is a Padmashri awardee, said he is ready to provide details of Lalita’s case to the cops as well, demanding that the culprits be booked.

In June, Dr Gupta had also written to the charity commissioner in New Delhi, seeking his intervention in the matter. He wrote: “While surfing the Internet, I came across the NGO Make Love Not Scars, claiming to have collected a huge sum of money in US dollars towards the treatment of these patients. I was surprised to read the names of two patients who were treated by me at Bombay Hospital, for whom the NGO had raised $9,000 and $1,500.”

He suggested that there should be strict monitoring of such donations under the Foreign Exchange Management Act (FEMA). Dr Gupta also wrote to Vijaya Rahatkar, chairperson of the state women’s rights commission on the matter.

‘Dr Gupta is credit-hungry’
Ria Sharma, founder of Make Love Not Scars, rubbished the allegations levelled by Dr Ashok Gupta, saying he is hungry for credit. She said, “Dr Gupta had told me that he was looking for financial aid for Lalita. He sent me her details and photographs, which were later used to raise money through crowdfunding. I have email evidence to show Dr Gupta is lying. That money is still with Indiegogo (the crowdfunding platform) and we have not used it for our own purpose.”

Asked why the funds were not transferred to Lalita, Sharma said, “A few things went wrong between me and Dr Gupta; he did not take my phone call, and hence, the money was never transferred.” Sharma added, “Dr Gupta is a credit-hungry person. He is targeting me for no reason.”

Sharma hit back at Dr Gupta, stating that he has withheld funds they raised for another victim, Reshma Qureshi. Qureshi told mid-day, “Dr Gupta is not polite with his patients and he has not released the Rs 2 lakh that was raised for my treatment. I need the funds for an eye operation.”

Not all experiences are bad
Who: Sushmita Murthy, 30, writer
Funds for: Heart surgery
Platform: Ketto
The process of making an account on Ketto was easy. Once I submitted the necessary documents, my campaign was live in two days. I raised Rs 1.04 lakh in five days. Since the patient needed the funds urgently, I shut down the campaign prematurely. The donations that came in rupees got transferred to my account in a couple of weeks. The foreign currency came by cheque and took a lot longer to process. I got a notification every time someone donated, so I could keep tabs on how much money was being raised. In the end, Ketto took a cut of 8-10 per cent as mentioned on the site. – As told to Aastha Atray Banan

Rs 3 lakh
The compensation awarded by the state government for acid attack survivors

55%
Portion of the total donations raised that Ketto had withheld from Shabbo Shaikh

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No Annual Returns For 2015-16 From Over 4,000 Institutions

No Annual Returns For 2015-16 From Over 4,000 Institutes, Data Shows

 

Indian Institute of Management-Kolkata, Aligarh Muslim University and Delhi’s Lady Shri Ram College for Women are among 4,739 institutions and non-profit organisations that have not disclosed their funding and expenditure details for 2015-16, according to the Home Ministry.

According to documents accessed by PTI, the 4,739 institutions and voluntary organisations have not filed annual returns for 2015-16 — and so the government does not know their annual income and expenditure details for this period.

All these institutions and voluntary organisations are registered under the Foreign Contribution (Regulation) Act, 2010, or FCRA and it is a must for them to file returns every year.

Other institutions that have not filed returns for 2015-16 include IIM-Lucknow, Delhi College of Engineering, Nehru Memorial Museum and Library, and Indira Gandhi National Centre For Arts, both in Delhi.

Vivekananda Foundation in Mysuru, Islamic University of Science and Technology in Jammu and Kashmir, and Dr Yashwant Singh Parmar University of Horticulture and Forestry in Himachal Pradesh also appear in the list.

The government has tightened the rules for foreign funding of non-profit organisations and has cancelled the registration of over 10,000 NGOs in the last three years. The government has alleged these organisations have not filed annual returns as is required under FCRA.

The licences of over 1,300 NGOs have not been renewed for allegedly violating the funding transparency law. The Home Ministry has asked some 6,000 NGOs to open accounts in banks having real-time banking systems so that security agencies can immediately access their details if needed.

In November 2016, the government had told over 11,000 NGOs to renew their registration by February 28, 2017. But many of them did not do so.

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